Tuesday, August 26, 2008

Bachir Gemayel Quotes

After eight years during which the whole world denied us, the whole world sold us, and the whole world was ignoring us, when we won, everybody became our friends and everybody wanted to help us.

After today, we should all as Lebanese promise ourselves that other than the legal Lebanese Army and other than the Legal Lebanese security forces, we should no longer accept any armed presence be it foreign or illegal Lebanese.

C'est an genocide mais c'est ce que la Syrie ne veux pas comprendre.

C'est notre resistance qui nous permitera de vaincre ou d'etre vecu.

Ce n'est pas un detruison des villes qu'on peut detruire un peuple et qu'on peut le metre a jenoux.

Don't let the ruler think 'it's okay, nobody is talking about this issue and I can keep doing it and keep going away from the truth'.

Don't be generous, sir, with the Palestinians at our expence.

Either way there's a price, it's better to pay for a nation than to pay the price of the farm.

For Lebanon to truly be the Lebanon that we want, it is the nation of liberties, it is the nation of civilization.

From now on, everyone has a responsibility.

From now on, one plus one equal 2, they no longer equal eleven.

I am asking you to tell the truth no matter how hard this truth is.

I come with a very specific mission: 10452 Km.

[How does Lebanon get out of this problem]
If they all get out, then Lebanon gets out of this problem.

If we, as a Christian sect in this east, weren't different than others and didn't have a country, it doesn't have to be a christian country, but be a country truly for chrisitans in which we can live with our heads held high.

Il faut a tout prix que l'action soit entreprise pour debloquer le blocus de Beyrouth.

Il y aura un nouveau Liban qui devrais germir de toutes ces ruines.

Il y aura un nouveaux Liban egalement qui devras germir de ce ancient Libanais.

Ils peuvent detruire tous ce qui veulent et ce qui en reste encore, ils ne reussiront pas a detruire la volonte chez nous de resister.

Ils [les Syriens] sont determine a guarder tout le Liban.

It's no longer possible that whenever a new government is formed, each of the twenty-four ministers wants to bring his village and his group and put them in power.

It's the resistance of a free world and a free people in front of a barbarian agression and barbarian occupation.

Nous avons la volonte mais c'est dur.

Nous sommes determines a vivre sur notre pays, sur notre terre et je crois que nous vaincrons.

On a l'experience avec les Syriens et les Palestiniains comment on respect les cesser-de-feu.

Our martyrs defended us, our martyrs kept our cause, our martyrs kept our freedom and our existance in this east.

Plus ils detruisent des meubles et plus ils detruisent les constructions, plus le moral chez nous est fort.

The minute that we start to think that this is not possible, it will become our first defeat.

The ruler needs someone to tell him the truth.

There is no place for defeat in our hearts.

Things from now on need to have a meaning.

We are staying in Lebanon and in the East, other come at one time and leave at another time. It's true that our long-lasting existance isn't stable geographically, but our existance itslef is forever stable.

We are this East's saints and its devils, we are its cross and its spear, we are its light and its fire; We are able to burn it if they burn our fingers, and we are able to light if they leave us with our freedom.

We can no longer be protected by no matter who.

We can no longer stand any foreign armed presence on our land.

We may be different from everybody esle with our intelligence. Instead of using it for real estate or for trading or for cheating or for all the things that have nothing to do with our civilization. Let's use this intelligence, even for only about ten years, let's apply it to building a nation, let's apply it to building a state, and then you'll see that Lebanon will be first not only in the East but in the whole world.

We will change the fact, they [the palestinians] will have to find another place where they can fix their tents and live as bedouins, [but where?] Where? It's their problem, it's not my problem.

We will pay the price for the farm.

We will not agree to give any part of Lebanon to anyone, any inch of Lebanon to anyone.

When we say the truth as it is, we seek to change that truth and to fix the situation.

[Where should the Palestinians go]
You want them in Picadelli Circus, or Mr. Kresky wants them in Austria or President Carter wants them in plain Georgia.

Monday, August 18, 2008

Who is Bachir Gemayel

Bachir Gemayel (10 November 1947 – 14 September 1982) was a Lebanese militia commander, politician, and president-elect.

Biography

Gemayel was born in the Aschrafieh neighborhood of Beirut, Lebanon, but his hometown was Bikfaya in the Matn District east of Beirut. The youngest of his six siblings, he was the son of Pierre Gemayel, founder of the influential Lebanese Kataeb Party, also known as the Phalangist party, a conservative organization that, although officially secular, was supported mostly by Maronite Christians.

Education

Gemayel attended College de Notre Dame de Jamhour and the Lebanese Modern Institute (Institut Moderne du Liban in Fanar). He completed his formal university education at St. Joseph University (Universite St. Joseph - U.S.J.) in Beirut. After teaching for three years at the Lebanese Modern Institute, he graduated in 1971 with a degree in Law and another in Political Sciences in 1973.
In 1971, Gemayel also took another law qualification from the American and International Law Academy in Dallas, Texas. Qualifying in 1972, he joined the bar association and opened an office in what was known as West Beirut.

Political and military career

In 1962, Gemayel joined the Kataeb party.
In 1970 Gemayel was briefly kidnapped by Palestinian militants.
In 1971, Gemayel was appointed inspector in the para-military branch of the Kataeb party, the Kataeb Regulatory Forces.
In 1975, Gemayel was accused by the Lebanese National Movement of being responsible of the Black Saturday massacre of Palestinians and Lebanese Muslims. According to Karim Bakradoni, Bachir admitted that while being in an emotional state for the killing of four Phalangists, he ordered Phalagist militiamen into the streets. Bachir claimed that when the situation took bigger proportions than he wanted, he tried stopping the killings but couldn't.
In 1976, upon the death of William Hawi, Gemayel became president of the Kataeb Military Council and the head of the unified command of the Lebanese Forces, a coalition of the Christian militias of the Kataeb Party , National Liberal Party, Al-Tanzim and the Guardians of the Cedars. He also took over the "P.G." squad (which stood for "Pierre Gemayel" initially and later became the "B.G." in Latin as an acronym for "Bachir Gemayel", since in the Arabic language both "P" and "B" are translated using the same Arabic letter).
In June 1978, in an attempt to unify the Lebanese Forces under his direct command, Bachir sent a Phalangist squad led by Samir Geagea to kidnap Tony Frangieh, the commander of Marada Brigade. Frangieh was killed along with his wife, his daughter and 30 of his supporters. Bachir maintained that the kidnapping of Frangieh was meant to pressure him to surrender Marada militiamen responsible of the murder of Phalangist members in areas controlled by Frangieh and that the his death was never planned. The incident is commonly referred to as Ehden Massacre.
Later that year, Gemayel led the Lebanese Forces in the fight against Syrian troops that seized the Christian dominated Eastern Beirut in what was later called "Hundred Days War". Arab mediation ended the Syrian seige of Eastern Beirut in what Bachir considered a big triumph.
Gemayel became a member of the Lebanese Front in 1980.
On 23 February, 1980, a booby-trapped car exploded killing Bachir's 18 months old daughter along with three of Bachir's companions in what was an attempt to assassinate Bachir. Bachir accused the Palestinian militias and Frangieh's family of the bombing.
On 7 July 1980, Bachir extirpated the Tigers Militia in what is known as Safra massacre. The life of the Tiger's commander, Dany Chamoun, was spared this time and sought refuge in West Beirut. Bachir subsequently became the sole leader of Lebanese right.
In 1981, he led the unified Christian Lebanese militias in the Battle of Zahleh.
Israeli forces invaded Lebanon in 1982. Although Gemayel did not cooperate with the Israelis publicly, his long history of alleged tactical collaboration with Israel counted against him in the eyes of many Lebanese Muslims.
On 23 August 1982, being the only announced candidate for the presidency of the republic, the National Assembly elected Gemayel by the second narrowest margin in Lebanese history (57 votes out of 92); many Muslim members of the Assembly boycotted the vote.
On 1 September 1982, two weeks before his assassination, Bachir met the Israeli Prime minister Menachem Begin in Nahariya and agreed to start the process of establishing diplomatic relations between Israel and Lebanon as soon as he assumes office.

Assassination

On 14 September 1982, nine days before he was due to take office, Gemayel was assassinated, along with 25 others, in an explosion at the Kataeb headquarters in Achrafieh. The assassination was condemned internationally, including by American President Ronald Reagan, who stated:
"The news of the cowardly assassination of Bashir Gemayel, President-elect of Lebanon, is a shock to the American people and to civilized men and women everywhere. This promising young leader had brought the light of hope to Lebanon. We condemn the perpetrators of this heinous crime against Lebanon and against the cause of peace in the Middle East. Our deepest sympathy goes to Mrs. Bashir Gemayel and their son, the entire Gemayel family, to President Elias Sarkis, to his government, and to the people of Lebanon. We join with them in mourning."
An explosion of anger took place after his death, which led to Christian militiamen from the Lebanese Forces carrying out the Sabra and Shatila massacres.
Bachir Gemayel's older brother Amine Gemayel became president in Bachir's place, serving from 1982 to 1988. Rather different in temperament, Amine Gemayel was widely regarded as more moderate than his brother, and many of the latter's followers were dissatisfied.
Habib Tanious Shartouni, a member of the pro-Damascus Syrian Social Nationalist Party, confessed to the crime, and he was apprehended and handed over to Amine Gemayel. He escaped but was captured again a few hours later, and handed over to Lebanon's justice system. He was imprisoned in the Roumieh prison. He was released from Roumieh in October 1990 by the Syrian army, in what many consider an illegal action.
Bachir Gemayel remains a divisive figure in Lebanese politics. Many Christians remember him nostalgically as a hero, seeing him as the embodiment of what Lebanon could and should have been. Others disagree, seeing him as responsible of prolonging the Lebanese Civil War and one of the main factors of inducing the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

Family

Gemayel's widow, Solange Gemayel, works to keep his legacy alive through the Bachir Gemayel Foundation, a political and informational organization.
Gemayel's first daughter Maya was murdered by a car bomb intended for Gemayel himself in 1980, when Maya was 18 months old. He has two surviving children: a daughter, Youmna, who received her degree in political science in Paris, and is now working towards her Masters in Management at ESA (École supérieure des affaires) in Beirut; and a son, Nadim, a law student and political activist.